Building Collaborative Governance in Times of Uncertainty

Pracademic Lessons from the Basque Gipuzkoa Province

Edited by Xabier Barandiaran, María José Canel, and Geert Bouckaert

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Insights and recommendations for collaborative governance.

Democratic societies are being challenged to look for new ways of doing politics that involve different stakeholders, particularly citizens. This book looks at public authorities' attempts to put society at the core of public policies in the form of collaborative governance. It provides a full account of a major case from the provincial council of Gipuzkoa (Basque Country, Spain): 150 projects, more than 900 organisations, and 50.000 participants and beneficiaries. ‘Pracademic’ lessons learned derive from the interaction among 50 practitioners engaged in the day-to-day practice of the case and scholars from different countries. Topics included relate to major challenges that collaborative governance reforms are facing across the world: structures, institutionalisation, relationships, leadership, accountability, innovation, experimentation, communication, intangible resources, trust, and assessment of outcomes (particularly in terms of Sustainable Development Goals or SDGs). Ultimately, issues of democracy arise from a case covering a comprehensive list of policies: health, employment, elderly care, energy, cybersecurity, electromobility, artificial intelligence, immigration, education, social equity, and culture. This book is intended for students, professionals and scholars interested in fostering the study and practice of democracy.

Contributors: Luis F. Aguilar (National Researcher Emeritus, Mexico), Stephen Ansolabehere (Harvard University), Ander Arzelus (Diputación Foral de Gipuzkoa), Unai Andueza (Diputación Foral de Gipuzkoa), Ainhoa Arrona (Deusto Foundation), Xabier Barandiaran (Provincial Council of Gipuzkoa), Carmine Bianchi (University of Palermo), Geert Bouckaert (KU Leuven), Ander Caballero (Harvard University), María José Canel (University Complutense Madrid), Andoni Eizaguirre (Mondragon University), Olatz Errazkin (Diputación Foral de Gipuzkoa), Gorka Espiau (University of the Basque Country), Naiara Goia (Diputación Foral de Gipuzkoa), Asier Lakidain (University of the Basque Country), Miren Larrea (Deusto Foundation), Javier Lezaun (Oxford University), Peter Loge (The George Washington University), Vilma Luoma-aho (Jyväskylä University School of Business and Economics), Ion Muñoa (University of Deusto), Anne Murphy (Lancaster University), Tina Nabatchi (Syracuse University Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs), Adil Najim (Boston University), Markel Olano (Diputación Foral de Gipuzkoa), Sonia Ospina (New York University), Elena Oyon (strategic thinker, doer and facilitator), Egoitz Pomares (University of the Basque Country), Eva Sørensen (Roskilde University), Fernando Tapia (University of the Basque Country), Jacob Torfing (Roskilde University), Alfonso Unceta (University of the Basque Country), Gregg G. Van Ryzin (Rutgers University–Newark), Sebastián Zurutuza (Provincial Council of Gipuzkoa)

Ebook available in Open Access.

The Gipuzkoa model, a solid trajectory 
Markel Olano

List of abbreviations 

Glossary of Etorkizuna Eraikiz terms 

Chapter 1
Introduction: Etorkizuna Eraikiz, a major case of collaborative governance 
Xabier Barandiarán, María José Canel & Geert Bouckaert

Part I. Structural dimensions to institutionalise collaborative governance
Chapter 2
Etorkizuna Eraikiz: The conceptual basis of the model 
Egoitz Pomares, Asier Lakidain & Alfonso Unceta

Chapter 3
How to institutionalise collaborative governance? From concepts to practice
Xabier Barandiarán, Sebastián Zurutuza, Unai Andueza & Ainhoa Arrona

Chapter 4
What a systemic vision can do to help to develop collaborative governance: The example of Etorkizuna Eraikiz 
Naiara Goia, Gorka Espiau & Ander Caballero

Synthesis of interactions between scholars and practitioners 
1. To what extent do structures of governance of Etorkizuna Eraikiz differ from hierarchical organisational decision-making? 
2. Which formulae did (and did not) work for decision-making with multi-level, cross-departmental, and public- and private-sector actors? 
3. Analysis of meta-governance: what for, who, what, how and with what impact 

Comments from scholars 
Comment 1
Etorkizuna Eraikiz: A collaborative governance framework for learning and acting 
Tina Nabatchi
Comment 2
The challenge of combining legitimacy and effectiveness when building collaborative governance 
Luis Aguilar
Comment 3
Historical background in the Basque Country for diverse social capital as a precondition for Etorkizuna Eraikiz collaborative governance 
Peter Loge
Comment 4
Collaborative governance as jazz: Three propositions
Adil Najam

Part II. Relational dimensions to learn and communicate about a culture of collaborative governance
Chapter 5
Active experimentation through action research: The experience of the Etorkizuna Eraikiz Think Tank 
Andoni Eizagirre, Miren Larrea & Fernando Tapia

Chapter 6
Communicating for collaborative governance 
Ion Muñoa

Chapter 7
Listening and learning together: Using action learning for collaborative governance 
Anne Murphy, María José Canel, Olatz Errazkin, Ander Arzelus, & Elena Oyon

Synthesis of interactions between scholars and practitioners 
1. Analysis of stakeholders. Who is in, who is still out? Issues of democracy. 
2. The role of culture in interactions management. What worked and what did not in aligning different stakeholders around common goals? Why do people engage in collaborative governance (efficiency, equality, social and economic growth)? 
3. The role of leadership. How to organise leadership? What skills are needed for leading collaborative governance? 
4. How has EE approached communication? What can be learned from it about the role communication plays in collaborative governance? 

Comments from scholars 
Comment 5
Collaborative governance, accountability and leadership in Etorkizuna Eraikiz 
Sonia Ospina
Comment 6
Etorkizuna Eraikiz: A case of interactive political leadership 
Eva Sørensen
Comment 7
The need to systematise relationships with stakeholders to make collaborative governance work 
Jacob Torfing
Comment 8
Public-sector communication to engage citizens in collaborative governance 
Vilma Luoma-aho

Part III. Looking at results and conclusions

Synthesis of interactions between scholars and practitioners 
1. What indicators are there about Etorkizuna Eraikiz
2. How do we shift from results to trust? How is the collaborative governance of Etorkizuna Eraikiz building and keeping trust? How do inclusion/exclusion lead to trust? 
3. How to further analyse outputs and impact of collaborative governance? 

Comments from scholars 
Notes on the evaluation of Etorkizuna Eraikiz 
Gregg Van Ryzin
Comment 10
Looking at the impact of collaborative policies on intangibles and outcomes through dynamic performance governance 
Carmine Bianchi
Comment 11
Looking about achievements and results: Further steps to evaluate Etorkizuna Eraikiz 
Stephan Ansolabehere
Comment 12
Some reflections about the future of Etorkizuna Eraikiz 
Javier Lezaun

Chapter 8
Conclusions: Pracademic lessons learned
Geert Bouckaert, María José Canel & Xabier Barandiarán

About the authors and contributors 

Format: Edited volume - paperback

Size: 234 × 156 × 15 mm

266 pages

ISBN: 9789462703674

Publication: March 17, 2023

Languages: English

Stock item number: 153638

Geert Bouckaert is professor at KU Leuven Public Governance Institute. He is honorary professor of the Institute for Innovation and Public Purpose at University College London and visiting professor at the University of Potsdam. Geert Bouckaert is professor at KU Leuven and Chair of the Committee for Contemporary Art.
María José Canel is professor in political and public sector communication at the University Complutense Madrid with a focus on intangible resources (trust, engagement, legitimacy, and sustainability). She is a visiting scholar at George Washington University.
Xabier Barandiaran is advisor to the Head of the Provincial Council of Gipuzkoa and one of the main promoters of the development of Etorkizuna Eraikiz. He holds a PhD in sociology and is associate professor in the Faculty of Social and Human Sciences at the University of Deusto.