Catholicism and the Welfare State in Secular France
Continuities and Changes in the Catholic Mobilizations in the Social Policy Domain (1940-2017)
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Secular France and the changing influence of Catholicism.
Even though the policy impact of Catholicism has increasingly been acknowledged, existing scholarship lacks a coherent view on its changing influence over time and in different political contexts. In this book, Fabio Bolzonar investigates the influence of Catholicism on developments in French social protection from World War II to the mid-2010s. He discusses the factors that have favoured or inhibited it and explores the hybridization between Catholic values and secular principles in the social engagement of Catholic actors in secular France. By doing so, this multidisciplinary study integrates current scholarship, which has given limited attention to the changing patterns of Catholic involvement in the social policy domain over a long period of time, and the renewed influence of Catholic values in secularized societies. Catholic mobilization has relocated from the political to the civil society sphere, making voluntary organizations and social movements, rather than political parties, the main channels for defending Catholic values in secular France. Rather than marginalizing Catholicism, this process has opened up new opportunities for Catholic actors and values to play a significant role in society and politics. Bolzonar identifies two divergent scenarios that define Catholic social engagement in contemporary France: either the strengthening of new forms of institutional collaboration between Catholic-inspired philanthropic organizations and public administrations in the interest of socially vulnerable citizens, or the emergence of new ideological conflicts on gender- and sexuality-related issues.
This publication is GPRC-labeled (Guaranteed Peer-Reviewed Content).
Catholicism and the Welfare State: Beyond Christian Democracy
Studying the Role of Catholicism in Social Policy Developments
Outline of the Book
Catholicism and the Welfare State in a Reactionary Regime (1940-1944)
Catholicism and Politics in Vichy France
Social Policies during the Vichy Regime
The Expansion of Social Protection
The Reorganization of Public Hospitals
An Authoritarian Corporatist Reform 45 A Legacy for Post-war Reformers
Foundation and Consolidation of a Christian Democratic Welfare State (1944-1959)
The Roots of Christian Democratic Social Reformism
Foundation and Development of a Christian Democratic Welfare State
The New Institutional Organization of Social Security
A Christian Democratic Welfare State?
Catholicism in the Years of Gaullism and Mitterrandism (1959-1995)
The Social Reforms of Gaullist and Right-wing Governments
The Reform of 1967 78 Family Policies under the Right in Power
Moral Liberalization of Social Legislation
Decline of Family Benefits
Support for Larger Families
Support for Working Mothers
The Mitterrand Years 88 Renovating the Démocratie Sociale
Modernizing Family Policies
Moral Liberalization of Family Legislation
Increasing Family Benefits
Support for Smaller Families
Promotion of Work-family Reconciliation Policies
A Period of Changes
Catholicism in Contemporary France: Some Observations
A Church in Decline?
Do Catholic Values Still Play a Role in French Politics?
Catholicism and Civil Society
Entering a Post-secular Era: Secularization, Civic Engagement, and New Social Mobilization
Social Catholicism in an Age of Permanent Austerity
Housing Policies and Social Catholicism
Early and Contradictory Developments
Toward a New Alliance?
Evaluating Values in Action
New Ideological Conflicts?
Against Same-sex Marriage
Troubles in the Church
The Political Support for the Anti-gay Marriage Campaign
The Opposition of Civil Society
Influence on Policy Outcomes
Abortion: A Still Open Question
New Ideological Conflicts?
A Contribution to a Theory on the Mobilization of Catholicism in Secular Societies
Continuities and Changes in a Long Story
A Way Ahead
Index of Persons
Format: Monograph - ebook
Publication: September 28, 2023