From Eckhart to Ruusbroec

A Critical Inheritance of Mystical Themes in the Fourteenth Century

Satoshi Kikuchi (Author),

Series: Mediaevalia Lovaniensia - Series 1-Studia 44

Category: History, History 500-1500, Philosophy

Language: English

ISBN: 9789058679857

Publication date: September 26, 2014

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Size: 240 x 160 x mm

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Series: Mediaevalia Lovaniensia - Series 1-Studia 44

Category: History, History 500-1500, Philosophy

Language: English

DOI: 10.11116/9789461661647

ISBN: 9789461661647

Publication date: September 26, 2014

€44.00 (including 6% VAT)

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The mystical relationship between Meister Eckhart and Jan van Ruusbroec.
In this thorough textual, historical, and doctrinal study the author seeks to clarify the relationship between two prominent mystics of the fourteenth century: Meister Eckhart, the German Dominican, and Jan van Ruusbroec, the Brabantine Augustinian. Special attention is paid to Ruusbroec’s criticism of mystical tenets circulating in Brabant at that time which were both textually and doctrinally related to Eckhart’s condemned propositions in the papal bull ‘In agro dominico’. This fact implies that Ruusbroec was confronted with the impact of the condemnation of Eckhart’s doctrines on the people in Brabant. Situating Ruusbroec’s life and works within the aftermath of Eckhart’s arrival, the author elucidates Ruusbroec’s position regarding the relevant mystical themes in the later Middle Ages, and follows a process of critical inheritance of mystical tradition from Eckhart to Ruusbroec.

This publication is GPRC-labeled (Guaranteed Peer-Reviewed Content).

CONTENTS Acknowledgements Abbreviations Introduction
PART ONE ECKHART AND RUUSBROEC WITHIN THE HISTORICAL CONTEXT
Chapter One: Toward the Condemnation of Eckhart’s Doctrines 1. An Overview of the Spiritual Milieu in the Later Middle Ages Enthusiasm for the direct relationship between God and humanThe increase of heretical mysticism 2. The Condemnation of Eckhart’s Doctrines A brief summary of the inquisitorial process The content of Eckhart’s condemned doctrines
Chapter Two: The Impact of the Condemnation of Eckhart’s Doctrines in the Fourteenth Century Brabant 1. The Transmission of the News about the Condemnation of Eckhart’s Doctrines 2. The Transmission of Eckhart’s Writings 3. Jan van Leeuwen’s Doctrinal Criticism of Eckhart (1) “Simple nakedness” beyond the practice of virtues (2) The renunciation of the divine Persons (3) Deification into the divine essence and the divine sonship
Chapter Three: Ruusbroec’s Criticism of Mystical Heresies 1. Ruusbroec the Critic 71 2. Key Themes in Ruusbroec’s Criticism of Mystical Heresies and Links to Eckhart’s Condemned Doctrines (1) Heretical doctrines about the praxis of ecclesiastical life(2) Heretical doctrines about God and creation(3) Heretical doctrines about Christology and the mystical union with God 90 Summary of Part One and Connection to Part Two
PART TWO MYSTICAL THEMES IN ECKHART’S THEOLOGY
Chapter Four: Eckhart’s Understanding of the Praxis of Ecclesiastical Life 105 1. Sin and Penitence 2. Interior Disposition toward God To receive God HimselfEmptiness (ledicheit) and spiritual poverty 3. Exterior Works
Chapter Five: Eckhart’s Understanding of God and Creation 1. Unity and Trinity The circumincession of the divine PersonsThe unity of the nature/essence and the unity of the Father A teleological view of the Trinity 2. Relation between God and Creatures Creatures as negation and distinction Creatures as nothing
Chapter Six: Eckhart’s Understanding of the Mystical Union 1. The Transformation of Essence 2. Union with God through Sonship Conformity to Christ’s sonshipThe “birth of God” doctrine God’s self-knowing in the soul 3. Christ’s Humanity Human person and human nature The significance of Christ’s Incarnation
Summary of Part Two and Connection to Part Three PART THREE THE CRITICAL INHERITANCE OF MYSTICAL THEMES IN RUUSBROEC’S THEOLOGY
Chapter Seven: Ruusbroec’s Understanding of the Praxis of Ecclesiastical Life 1. Sin and Penitence 2. The Holy Spirit’s In-working and the Spiritual Poverty 3. Inactivity (ledicheit) in the Essence of God (1) Participation in the triune God (2) Likeness to Christ (3) Inactivity in the created essence and in God’s essence
Chapter Eight: Ruusbroec’s Understanding of God and Creation 1. Unity and Trinity (1) Relation among the divine Persons (2) Relation between unity and trinity 2. Relation Between God and Creatures
Chapter Nine: Ruusbroec’s Understanding of the Mystical Union 1. The Essential Unity of the Spirit with God 2. Union with God in Love 3. Christology Pertaining to the Understanding of the Mystical Union The “birth of God” doctrineThe unique sonship of Christ The supremacy of Christ’s humanity
Summary of Part Three
Conclusion
List of Textual linkages to Eckhart in Ruusbroec’s Writings Die geestelike brulocht (The Spiritual Espousals) Vanden XII beghinen (The Twelve Beguines) Een spieghel der eeuwigher salicheit (A Mirror of Eternal Blessedness) Bibliography Index of names Index of subjects

Satoshi Kikuchi

Satoshi Kikuchi is a free research associate of the Faculty of Theology and Religious Studies at the KU Leuven.

'In this excellent and engaging study, he has analysed the critical dialogue, focusing on a number of themes that are central to both Eckhart and Ruusbroec's thought, such as the Trinity, creation, Christology, and the ecclesiological dimensions of mystical union. On the basis of primary texts, the reader is able to follow the development of Ruusbroec's critical inheritance of Eckhart. And the aurhor has demonstrated, clearly and with a healthy sense of nuance, the complex and fundamental reflections in both authors.' Rob Faesen, Louvain Studies 39 (2015-16/1) 83-86

Louvain Studies

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