The Economics of Providence / L'économie de la providence

Management, Finances and Patrimony of Religious Orders and Congregations in Europe, 1773 - ca. 1930 / Gestion, finances et patrimoine des ordres et congregations en Europe, 1773 - ca. 1930

Edited by Maarten Van Dijck, Jan De Maeyer, Jeffrey Tyssens, and Jimmy Koppen

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The wealth and patrimony of religious institutes
During the French Revolution almost all monasteries and abbeys were suppressed and their possessions seized. Yet after the French Revolution many religious institutes were very successful in re-establishing themselves, sometimes accumulating large patrimonies, against the background of often hostile political forces.

This book deals with the question of how the religious orders and congregations rebuilt their patrimony, a necessary prerequisite for the growth of the number of religious, educational and charitable services.

The authors discuss the (real or supposed) wealth, the financial structures, and the management and juridical foundations of the orders and congregations in Italy, Spain, Portugal, France, Luxembourg, Belgium, Ireland, and the United Kingdom from the late eighteenth century to the 1930s.

This publication is GPRC-labeled (Guaranteed Peer-Reviewed Content).

Contributors
B. Bodinier (Université de Rouen), M. de Fátima Brandão (Universidade do Porto), M. Casta (Université de Picardie Jules Verne), J. De Maeyer (kadoc - University of Leuven), X. Dusausoit (Centre Scolaire du Sacré-Coeur de Jette), J. Frith (capa International Education, London), G. Gregorini (Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Brescia), J. Koppen (VSAD Karel Cuypers), M. Luddy (University of Warwick), C. Mangion (Birkbeck, University of London), J. Oliveira (Universidade do Porto), P.M. Perluss (Université Pierre Mendes France Grenoble), R. L. Philippart (ucl et Directeur de l'Office National du Tourisme du Grand-Duché de Luxembourg), G. Rocca (Dizionario Degli Istituti di Perfezione), B. Truchet (Professeur retraitée), J. Tyssens (VUB), M. Van Dijck (Flanders Heritage and UHasselt) and Fco. J. Fernández Roca (Pablo de Olavide University de Sevilla).  

 

CONTENTS / TABLE DES MATIàˆRES

Maarten Van Dijck & Jan De Maeyer
The Economics of Providence. An Introduction to the Economic History of Religious Orders and Congregations, 1773-1930
L'économie de la providence. Introduction à l'histoire économique des ordres et congrégations, 1773-1930

Preston Martin Perluss
Monastic Landed Wealth in Late-Eighteenth-Century Paris.
Principal Traits and Major Issues

Bernard Bodinier
De la Révolution à la séparation de l'Église et de l'État.
Le sort des abbayes normandes

Bernadette Truchet
Une reconstitution paradoxale et stratégique.
L'enquête de 1900 sur le patrimoine foncier des ordres et congrégations en France : l'exemple de Lyon

Robert L. Philippart
Luxembourg 1789 - 1914 : entre ciel et terre.
Le management habile des ordres et congrégations

Michel Casta
Le patrimoine fragile des bénédictines d'Erbalunga, 1862-1932

Maarten Van Dijck
From Workhouse to Convent.
The Sisters of Saint Vincent and Public Charity in Eeklo, 1830-1900

Joy Frith
Accounting for Souls.
Anglican Sisters and the Economies of Moral Reform in Victorian England

Carmen M. Mangion
Developing Alliances.
Faith, Philanthropy and Fundraising in Late-Nineteenth-Century St Helens

Maria Luddy
'Possessed of Fine Properties'.
Power, Authority and the Funding of Convents in Ireland, 1780-1900

Xavier Dusausoit
Les jésuites et l'argent. Fondation et gestion de cinq collèges jésuites
belges au XIXe siècle (Alost, Gand, Bruxelles, Mons et Verviers)

José Oliveira & Maria de Fátima Brandão
Account Books and the Use of Accounting in the Monastery
of Arouca, 1786-1825

Giancarlo Rocca
L'économie des instituts religieux italiens de 1861 à 1929.
Données pour une recherche

Giovanni Gregorini
The Organization and Economics of Religious Congregations
in Northern Italy, 1861-1929

F. Javier Fernández Roca
Management Strategies of Ecclesiastical Patrimonies in Spain, 1900-1936

Abbreviations / Abréviations

Authors /Auteurs

Colophon

Format: Edited volume - ebook

371 pages

ISBN: 9789461661104

Publication: January 16, 2013

Series: KADOC-Studies on Religion, Culture and Society 11

Languages: English | French

Stock item number: 68220

Jan De Maeyer is full professor at KU Leuven and director of KADOC KU Leuven, Documentation and Research Centre for Religion, Culture and Society. He is president of the Belgian Historical Institute in Rome and author of several publications on political and social Catholicism, material Christianity, and the development of religious institutions.
Jeffrey Tyssens is Lecturer in Political History at the Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB).
Jimmy Koppen is Researcher at the Freethinking Study, Archive and Documentation Centre ‘Karel Cuypers'.
Maarten Van Dijck is Researcher at the Flemish Heritage Agency and Guest Lecturer at the University of Hasselt.

De grande qualité et soigneusement édité, l'ouvrage sous recension porte à la connaissance du public le produit de recherches récentes et novatrices. II est de nature à susciter de nouvelles investigations du même type. C'est pourquoi il mérite de retenir l'attention des spécialistes de l'histoire religieuse, mais aussi celle de chercheurs intéressés par la gestion patrimoniale.
Paul WYNANTS, Revue Belge de Philologie et d'Histoire 2013/4


 

The individual essays testify to the specific expertise of their authors (who provide very useful and rich bibliographies at the end of each chapter), and they achieve what is often lacking from an edited collection: a sense of unity. Taken as a whole, they paint a detailed picture of religious Orders and Congregations which, phoenix-like, managed to rebuild themselves from the ashes of their near destruction; these stories of economic and social success are all the more edifying since they emerge from a context of heightened state anticlericalism and legal impediments.
Laurence Lux-Sterritt, Aix-Marseille Université, Recusant History 32, 1 (May 2014)


 

In veel landen verloren kloosterordes en congregaties tijdens de late achttiende en vroege negentiende eeuw al hun bezittingen, al dan niet als gevolg van Verlichting en Franse Revolutie. Deze bundel vraagt zich af hoe kerkelijke instellingen zich van die aderlating herstelden en betreedt daarmee een belangwekkend, maar weinig gekend terrein, namelijk de economische geschiedenis van ordes en congregaties. Van Dijck en De Maeyer leiden de problematiek in, waarna veertien auteurs bijdragen leveren over liefst acht Europese landen.
BMGN - LCHR, Vol 128 (2013)