Quaestiones de esse intelligibili

Petrus Thomae and edited by Garrett R. Smith

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First critical edition of Petrus Thomae’s theory of non-causal dependence.

This work of Scotist metaphysics is an investigation into the ultimate constitution of things. In the course of this treatise, Petrus Thomae examines whether the essences of things ultimately depend on being thought of by God for their very intelligibility or whether they have it of themselves. Defending in detail the second option, Peter argues that creatures exist independently of the divine intellect in the divine essence. They enjoy real, eternal being in the divine essence and objective being in the divine mind. Aware that these views conflicted with his belief in the Christian doctrine of creation, Peter laboured to alleviate the conflict with a theory of non-causal dependence, according to which even if God did not cause creatures to be in the divine essence, nevertheless they are necessary correlatives of the divine essence.

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I. Life

II. Works

III. Themes of the Quaestiones de esse intelligibili

IV. The Edition
A. Description of Manuscripts
B. Prior Editions
C. Isolated Accidents
D. Common Accidents
E. The alia littera of MS S
F. Stemma codicum
G. Editorial Principles
H. Authenticity and Title
I. Dating
J. Sources
K. Influence


Q. 1 Utrum intellectus creatus producat rem intellectam in esse intelligibili
Q. 2 Utrum intellectus divinus producat quidditates creabilium in esse intelligibili
Q. 3 Utrum illud esse intelligibile quod habuit quidditas creabilis ab aeterno sit esse causatum
Q. 4 Utrum esse intelligibile creabilium sit prius aliquo modo esse subsistentiae productae in divinis
Q. 5 Utrum quidditas creaturae in esse intelligibili posita sit formaliter idea
Q. 6 Utrum esse quidditatis in esse intelligibili positae sit totaliter respectivum
Q. 7 Utrum teneat ista consequentia: 'aliquid non habet esse subiective, ergo non habet esse'
Q. 8 Utrum creatura ab aeterno habuit aliquod verum esse reale distinctum aliquo modo ab esse divino
Q. 9 Utrum ponens creaturam habuisse aliquod verum esse reale ab aeterno possit salvare creationem


IOANNI S CANONICI Quaestiones super libros Physicorum II q. 3 a. 2

Lectura I d. 35
Lectura I d. 46

Primary Sources
Secundary Sources


Format: Text edition - ebook

ISBN: 9789461661760

Publication: July 7, 2015

Series: Ancient and Medieval Philosophy - Series 1 52

Languages: Latin | English

Garrett Smith is an academic councillor at the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn, where he teaches in the Institute of Philosophy and serves as advisor to the Scotus Archives.
'On ne peut que recommander cet ouvrage, qui complète notre connaissance du scotisme, enrichit notre compréhension de la pensée théologique et philosophique franciscaine, et présente une conceptualisation
originale de la notion de dépendance ontologique, susceptible d’intéresser les métaphysiciens néo-aristotéliciens.'
Magali Roques, Revue philosophique de la France et de l'étranger 2017/3 (Tome 142), p. 377-434
DOI 10.3917/rphi.173.0377

  Revue philosophique de la France et de l'étranger

Make no mistake, this is a good edition. Once Garrett Smith had collated in full all eight witnesses with tremendous effort and considerable success, when analyzing the readings and forming the text, he unfortunately found that the manuscript tradition exhibited evidence of both contamination and slight revision, even contamination across the two redactions. The surviving manuscripts of both redactions, moreover, did not provide clean texts—indeed, one could not even cobble together a perfect text from all witnesses taken together. Smith did a good job investigating and explaining what had happened, although the more complicated the situation, the greater the number of possible explanations. In the end, instead of printing the flawed text of gamma or N (and relegating the other to the apparatus criticus), either of which would have required editorial emendation, Smith chose to edit a combined text. The result is a perhaps necessary compromise, generally as close to Petrus Thomae's original(s) as we can get. For this heroic solo effort, Garrett Smith deserves our praise and gratitude.
Chris Schabel, Vivarium 54 (2016) 357-362, DOI 10.1163/15685349-12341324


What kind of being do creatures possess before creation? That is the overall problem dealt with in Peter Phomae's Quaestiones de esse intelligibili that have now appeared as the first volume in a new series devoted to the works of Peter Thomae (Petri Thomae Opera), a subseries within the well-known series Ancient and Medieval Philosophy of the De Wulf-mansion centre, Leuven. That the Franciscan friar Peter Thomae († 1340), henceforth Pt, is given his own series is remarkable, considering that he has not as yet attracted too much attention from medievalist scholarship. Certainly, some of his works have long been available in critical editions, but the new series that will contain his major works will provide a much more adequate impression of his way of thinking and is bound to shed new light on the intellectual history of the early 14th century, especially on the earliest stage of the Scotist school. [...] The solid scholarship presented in this first volume allows us to have high expectations in regard to the next volumes in the series.
Claus A. Andersen, Archivum Franciscanum Historicum - Annus 109 - Ianuarius - Iunius 2016 - Fasc. 1-2