How Do We Help?

The Free Market of Development Aid

Patrick Develtere and compiled by Huib Huyse and Jan Van Ongevalle

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The balance sheet of 50 years of development aid
Over the past 50 years the West has invested over 3000 billion euro in development aid and already tackled many problems. Now more and more countries and organisations present themselves on the development aid scene, including China, India, and foundations such as the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. Companies, trade unions, co-operatives, schools and towns set up their own projects in remote African regions.

But can each and everybody become a development worker? Who decides what is acceptable and what is not? What is the role of the developing countries themselves? Who can tell what is good aid and what is bad aid? Is it a free market allowing everybody to do what he wants? A market without rules, with a lot of competition and little cooperation?

This book draws up the balance sheet of 50 years of development aid and provides an overview of all relevant players, of opportunities and obstacles, of successes and failures. It details numerous examples and information on development projects from all over the world. Readers may be tempted to get involved in development aid, but they will also be more cautious than before.




Development cooperation: community, arena and, increasingly, market ­
An expanding community
An arena with plenty to fight over
A market with many transactions

From colonialism to the Millennium Development Goals 
Colonial warm-up exercises
Technical cooperation and knowledge transfer 
Faith in development aid 
Development cooperation: aid in a global setting 
Th­e Washington Consensus and structural adjustments 
International cooperation and the Millennium Development Goals
Addressing poverty in exchange for debt relief 
Is Paris introducing order to the market?
More than development aid

Cooperation means partners 
Internationally: among specialists
Recipient countries: donor darlings and donor orphans

Ocial bilateral cooperation: fractions and fragmentation 
Small players and institutional pluralism
In search of an institutional foundation for development cooperation
Decentralisation in order to get closer to the public, or for other reasons?

Europe's development cooperation patchwork
Seeking identity and complementarity
From Yaoundé to Cotonou: from association to agreement Strengths and weaknesses of the ACP-EU partnership 
Th­e Cotonou Agreement 
Th­e European Development Fund 
Other instruments 
Europe: a major pioneer?
A choice in favour of Africa?

Multilateral cooperation: the UN galaxy ­
Th­e UN and development cooperation 
Th­e World Bank: not a cooperative 
Regional development banks 
Th­e United Nations Development Programme 
Th­e rise of new vertical programmes on the UN market 
‘Deliver as one': seeking cooperation on the market

The NGDOs: bringing values onto the market 
A movement with many faces 
A sector with many roles 
Several generations of NGDOs 
A sector with many dierent visions and strategies 
A movement with a plural support base 
Th­e sector breaks free from the NGDOs 
Is a new social movement becoming a network movement?

A fourth pillar on the market
Th­e key players of the fourth pillar 
A new generation of altruists? 
Starting from a different field 
An alternative way of working 
Mainstreaming development cooperation

Humanitarian aid: in good shape or going downhill? ­­
What place for emergency aid? 
Needs and promises 
Cash-and-carry on the market?

The unbearable lightness of the support for development cooperation ­
Th­e uneasy relationship with the support base
No (more) aid fatigue?
Popular, yet little understood
Something needs to be done: but by whom?

Drawing up the balance sheet
Progress, but too little, too slowly and not for everyone
Are we really that generous?
Who is receiving aid?
Th­e effectiveness and impact of development cooperation
Development cooperation: a stumbling-block?

Conclusion ­


Format: Monograph - paperback

Size: 234 × 156 × 15 mm

264 pages

ISBN: 9789058679024

Publication: February 14, 2012

Languages: English

Stock item number: 109294

Huib Huyse is the head of the research group “Sustainable Development” of HIVA – Research Institute for Work and Society of the KU Leuven.
Jan Van Ongevalle heads the research unit “Global Development” of HIVA – Research Institute for Work and Society of the KU Leuven.
Patrick Develtere has been involved in development cooperation for over 35 years. He teaches international development cooperation at the KU Leuven.

At present, the author of this comprehensive work on international cooperation is the president of the Christian Workers Movement in Belgium. However, together with two former colleagues of HIVA, he has found the time to publish an English updated edition of this handsome book. In the current discussion on necessary reforms of development cooperation, an outspoken vision on its institutional landscape is more than useful. How do we help? is doing just that, and in a delightful, non-pedantic way. Three perspectives are used: development cooperation as market, as community and as arena. In this book, both advocates and opponents of aid will find arguments to prove their case. At the same time, the book invites them to take on a more nuanced point of view. Critics will forgive the author for his sympathy for international cooperation, which sounds through the remark that 'few will doubt that development cooperation makes sense'. It only strengthens the relevance of this book.

For whom? For all who want get acquainted with the wonderful world of international cooperation and do not hesitate to dive into a thick 200 pages. They will find it is time well spent.
dr. Lau Schulpen, CIDIN (Radboud universiteit Nijmegen), Vice Versa 2012


De schrijver van dit overzichtsboek over internationale samenwerking is ondertussen voorzitter van de koepel van christelijke werknemersorganisaties in België, maar heeft (nu in samenwerking met twee oud-collega's van het HIVA) toch tijd gevonden een Engelse en geüpdate versie van zijn fraaie boek uit te brengen. In de huidige discussie over noodzakelijke hervormingen in het OS-stelsel is het altijd plezierig als iemand dat stelsel eens goed uit de doeken doet. En 'How do we help?' doet dat zeker en doet dat op een plezierige en niet-betweterige manier op basis van drie invalshoeken: OS als markt, als gemeenschap en als arena. Voor- en tegenstanders van hulp kunnen er ongetwijfeld hun eigen gelijk in lezen, maar wellicht ook tot een genuanceerdere kijk komen. Tegenstanders zullen de auteur bovendien moeten vergeven dat zijn sympathie voor het idee van internationale samenwerking doorklinkt zoals in zijn opmerking dat 'few will doubt that development cooperation makes sense'. Het versterkt de relevantie van het boek alleen maar.
Voor wie? Voor iedereen die meer zicht wil krijgen op die wondere wereld van internationale samenwerking en daarvoor niet te beroerd is om dik 200 pagina's door te lezen. Het zouden welbestede uren zijn.

dr. Lau Schulpen, CIDIN (Radboud universiteit Nijmegen), Vice Versa 2012


Magnette krijgt 'How Do We Help?' als vakantieliteratuur
De dertien federale ministers hebben maandag 2 juli 2012 traditiegetrouw hun vakantieliteratuur gekregen van sectorvereniging Zo is er voor Paul Magnette 'How do we help' van Patrick Develtere.
Lees het volledige bericht via De Standaard Online


De ontwikkelingssamenwerking is een vrije markt geworden
Campuskrant jaargang 23, nr 7, 28 maart 2012