Territories of Faith

Religion, Urban Planning and Demographic Change in Post-War Europe

Edited by Sven Sterken and Eva Weyns

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A novel and interdisciplinary perspective on post-war church building

In the 1950s and 1960s, thousands of churches were built across Europe in an attempt to keep up with the continent's rapid urbanisation. This book addresses the immense effort related to the planning, financing, and construction of this new religious infrastructure. Going beyond aspects of style and liturgy, and transcending a focus on particular architects or regions, this volume considers church building at the crossroads of pastoral theology, religious sociology, and urban planning. Presenting the rich palette of strategies and methods deployed by congregations, dioceses, government bodies, and private patrons in their attempt to secure a religious presence in the rapidly modernising world, Territories of Faith offers a broad view of the practice of religion and its material expression in the fast-evolving (sub)urban landscapes of post-war Europe.

Contributors: João Alves da Cunha (Universidade Católica Portuguesa), Alba Arboix-Alió (Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya / Universitat de Barcelona), Umberto Bordoni (Scuola Beato Angelico), Angela Connelly (Manchester School of Architecture), Maria Antonietta Crippa (Politecnico di Milano), Kees Doevendans (TU Eindhoven / KU Leuven), Davide Fusari (Politecnico di Milano), Jesús García Herrero (Universidad Politécnica de Madrid), Judi Loach (Cardiff University; Laboratoire de Recherche Historique Rhône-Alpes), João Luís Marques (Universidade do Porto), Mélanie Meynier-Philip (Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture de Lyon), Ellen Rowley (University College Dublin), Sofia Anja Singler (Cambridge University), Sven Sterken (KU Leuven), Marina Wesner (TU Berlin), Eva Weyns (KU Leuven), Ferdinando Zanzottera (Politecnico di Milano)

This publication is GPRC-labeled (Guaranteed Peer-Reviewed Content).


Preface

Introduction
Faith and its Territories
Sven Sterken and Eva Weyns

NEGOTIATION

1. Planning for Faith in Wythenshawe, Manchester
Angela Connelly

2. Lyons’s Post-War Churches
Two Contexts, Two Churches, One Architect: Pierre Genton
Judi Loach and Mélanie Meynier-Philip

3. Constructing Country, Community and City
Alvar Aalto’s Lakeuden Risti, 1951-1966
Sofia Anja Singler

4. Faith in a Divided City
Church Building in Berlin and the 1957 Interbau Exhibition
Marina Wesner

EXPERTISE

5. Rethinking the Urban Parish
François Houtart, the Centre de Recherches Socio-Religieuses and the 1958 Pastoral Plan for Brussels
Eva Weyns and Sven Sterken

6. Catholic Parishes in the Lisbon Master Plan of 1959
The Legacy of the SNIP and the MRAR
João Alves da Cunha and João Luís Marques
7. “A Silent Revolution”
Jacinto Rodríguez Osuna, Luis Cubillo de Arteaga and the 1965 Plan Pastoral for Madrid
Jesús García Herrero

AUTHORITY

8. A Laboratory of Pastoral Modernity Church Building in Milan under Cardinal Montini and Enrico Mattei from 1955 to 1963
Umberto Bordoni, Maria Antonietta Crippa, Davide Fusari and Ferdinando Zanzottera

9. Reconstructing the Diocese of Barcelona
Parish Reform and Church Building under Monsignor Modrego Casaus from 1943 to 1967
Alba Arboix-Alió and Sven Sterken

10. Mass Housing and the Catholic Hierarchy in Dublin, 1930s–1970s 305
The Case of Ballymun Estate
Ellen Rowley

11. Epilogue
A Divine Dwelling Crisis? Notes for a Paradigm of Emptiness
Kees Doevendans

Format: Edited volume - paperback

Size: 238 × 170 × 20 mm

360 pages

Illustrated b/w

ISBN: 9789462703094

Publication: January 31, 2022

Series: KADOC-Studies on Religion, Culture and Society 30

Languages: English

Stock item number: 146465

Eva Weyns is PhD candidate at the Faculty of Architecture of KU Leuven and works as a consultant for the Flanders Architecture Institute.
Sven Sterken is professor at the Faculty of Architecture of KU Leuven.
'Territories of Faith' demonstrerar det felaktiga i att betrakta den moderna staden som enbart en sekulär storhet. Ur ett pastoralteologiskt perspektiv behandlar bokens olika kapitel frågan om hur en traditionell sockenstruktur, rotad i landsbygdens gemenskapsformer, fick förnyad aktualitet i samband med tillkomsten av efterkrigstidens brett anlagda förortsprojekt. Detta perspektiv framträder med särskild tydlighet i João Alves da Cunha och João Luís Marques kapitel om Lissabon, Jesús García Herrons artikel om 1960-talets plan för Madrid samt i Ellen Rowleys artikel om Ballymun Estate i Dublins utkanter. En mer renodlat kyrkohistoriskt intresserad läsekrets kan också ha god nytta av de artiklar som visar hur en religionssociologisk bearbetning av statistiskt material kom att underbygga tanken på skapandet av en urban socken mitt i den framväxande moderniteten. Inte minst redaktörerna Eva Weyns och Sven Sterkens kapitel om 1950-talets Bryssel förtjänar att lyftas fram i detta sammanhang.
Den tjocka överrock av teori som återfinns i de flesta av de studier som publicerats inom angränsande forskningsfält under de senaste decennierna saknas i denna antologi. I de överlag välskrivna och informativa artiklarna fokuseras en omsorgsfullt tecknad händelsehistoria med vissa utflykter in i den arkitekturhistoriska terrängen.
Erik Sidenvall, Kyrkohistorisk årsskrift 2022

 
'Territories of Faith' is an important contribution to the understanding of European postwar religious architecture that left the past behind in order to remain relevant in the present. The pan-European perspective also makes comparable the different approaches to liturgy but also the different interpretations of the role of the church in postwar urban contexts. A very interesting read!
German Postwar Modern, 7 December 2022


 
This edited collection focuses on the extraordinary flourishing of religious architecture in European cities between roughly 1945 and 1975. We are reminded throughout the volume – which concentrates largely on the Roman Catholic church – of the astonishing pace of building in this period [...] Through use, for example, of material in diocesan and municipal archives, we gain a rich understanding of the sociological mechanics behind so many architectural masterpieces of this era.
Richard Butler, Urban History , Volume 49 , Issue 4 , November 2022 , pp. 825 - 827, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0963926822000438



 
Territories of Faith is an important contribution to the understanding of church building, especially roman catholic, in post-war western Europe. It examines the processes that underpinned post-war church building, which so manifestly deviated from tradition. This book certainly contributes to a better appreciation of these usually atypical buildings. The focus of this book is primarily on roman catholic churches, which makes the essays more mutually comparable.
Marcus van der Meulen, FRH, https://www.frh-europe.org/territories-of-faith-church-and-the-post-war-city/