Who Owns Africa?

Neocolonialism, Investment, and the New Scramble

Edited by Bekeh Utietiang Ukelina

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Why in spite of Africa’s abundant natural and human resources its people are still poor

The independence of African countries from their European colonizers in the late 1950s and 1960s marked a shift in the continent's political leadership. Nevertheless, the economies of African nations remained tied to those of their former colonies, raising questions of resource control and the sovereignty of these nation-states.

Who Owns Africa? addresses the role of foreign actors in Africa and their competing interests in exploiting the resources of Africa and its people. An interdisciplinary team of scholars examines the concept of colonialism from a historical and socio-political perspective. They show how the language of investment, development aid, mutual interest, or philanthropy is used to cloak the virulent forms of exploitation on the continent, thereby perpetuating a state of neocolonialism that has left many African people poor and in the margins.

Contributors: John K. Marah (State University of New York Brockport), Nene-Lomotey Kuditchar (University of Ghana), Bekeh Utietiang Ukelina (State University of New York Cortland), Tokie Laotan-Brown (Merging Ecologies, Athenry), Asher Lubotzky (Indiana University Bloomington), Seth N. Asumah (State University of New York Cortland), Kudakwashe Chirambwi (National University of Science and Technology, Zimbabwe), Phillip Murray (United States Military Academy West Point), Paul Chiudza Banda (Tarleton State University), Gift Wasambo Kayira (University of Malawi)

This publication is GPRC-labeled (Guaranteed Peer-Reviewed Content).


From the European Scramble for Africa to the New Scramble
Bekeh Utietiang Ukelina

Chapter One
The Political Economy of Contemporary Africa: Lessons from the Scrambles for Africa 
John K. Marah

Chapter Two
Decoding the Realpolitik of African States: The Paradox of Foreign Policy Options in a Context of Imperial Scramble 
Nene-Lomotey Kuditchar

Chapter Three
Doing Good: US Aid and Philanthropic Colonialism in Africa 
Bekeh Utietiang Ukelina

Chapter Four
The New Scramble and Its Economic Impact on West African Women 
Tokie Laotan-Brown

Chapter Five
“We Are Returning to Africa, and Africa is Coming Back to Us”: Israel’s Evolving Relations With Africa 
Asher Lubotzky

Chapter Six
China in Africa: Rethinking Development, the Role of the Nation State, and Neo-Benevolent Imperialism 
Seth N. Asumah

Chapter Seven
Governmentality of China in Africa: A New Scramble through Road and Belt Initiatives 
Kudakwashe Chirambwi

Chapter Eight
China’s Incidental Empire: How Chinese Energy Demand Created an Informal Empire in Africa 
Philip J. Murray

Chapter Nine
Malawi-China Relations: A Strategic But Weak Developmental Partnership 
Paul Chiudza Banda & Gift Wasambo Kayira

Reflections on Neocolonialism and the New Scramble 
Bekeh Utietiang Ukelina

About the Authors 

Format: Edited volume - ebook - PDF

280 pages

ISBN: 9789461664754

Publication: November 08, 2022

Languages: English

Bekeh Utietiang Ukelina is Associate Professor of History and Africana Studies and the Director of the Center for Gender and Intercultural Studies at the State University of New York, Cortland.
This important book by multidisciplinary contributors focuses attention on the fact that African countries do not fully control their economies, an issue of continuing concern for Africans and those interested in the continent’s past and future.
Robert Maxon, Professor Emeritus of History, West Virginia University, Morgantown
In exploring the dynamics of Africa’s relations with global powers, this book connects Africa's past with its present and future development. It explores intricately, the parallels between today’s discourses of “development aid” and earlier narratives of the “civilizing mission.” By offering new and compelling viewpoints on this defining question, this book marks an important contribution to African studies and post-colonial studies.
Bonny Ibhawoh, Senator William McMaster Chair in Global Human Rights, McMaster University, Canada, and Expert-Rapporteur, UN Expert Mechanism on the Right to Development