Reportatio IIA (Quaestiones in secundum librum Sententiarum) qq. 28-49

Franciscus de Marchia and edited by Tiziana Suarez Nani, William Duba, D. Carron, and Girard Etzkorn

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In the questions contained in this volume, Francis of Marchia explores subjects that earned him his fame in the Middle Ages and in the history of ideas: physics and philosophical psychology. He confronts the key issues in celestial physics, concluding with his well-known proofs for terrestrial and celestial beings having the same type of matter (q. 32). Marchia's discussion of how elemental qualities persist in mixtures (qq. 33-36) leads to a spirited and unique defense of a mind-body dualism: not even the sensory faculties are coextensive with the body (q. 37). Moreover, each living being has two forms: the soul and the form of the body (q. 38). Marchia rejects the Averroistic doctrine of the unicity of the intellect (qq. 39-40), as well as acts of understanding being entirely the result of external stimuli (q. 41). Those positions in turn inform his investigation of the mechanics of thinking and willing, and his establishment of the will's priority over the intellect (qq. 42-47). Finally, Marchia balances human free willing with God's absolute power and cooperation in all matters (qq. 48-49).

Throughout these questions, Marchia shows his originality and sharp intellect. Although at times his solutions look similar to those of John Duns Scotus, they are in fact very different, reflecting Marchia's awareness of the problems and limitations involved in not only Scotus' views, but also those of Aristotle and Averroes, Thomas Aquinas and Henry of Ghent, among many others.

This publication is GPRC-labeled (Guaranteed Peer-Reviewed Content).


I. Summary of the Themes Treated in Reportatio IIA, Questions 28-49

II. The Sources of Reportatio IIA, Questions 28-49
1. Explicit sources
2. Implicit sources
3. The citation of sources in the apparatus fontium

III. The Textual Transmission of Reportatio IIA
1. Evidence from the edition
2. Comprehensive study
2.1 Structural accidents
2.2 Major accidents
2.2.1 The transmission of Reportatio IIA
2.2.2 Evident contamination
2.3 Single-word accidents
2.3.1 Copying
2.3.2 Significant accidents
3. Stemma codicum

IV. Two Inauthentic Questions
1. Question 16a (DH)
2. Question 36a

V. Notes on the Edition of Questions 28-49

VI. Conclusion

VII. Editorial Conventions

Reportatio A in II Librum Sententiarum, qq. 28-49
Q. 28: Utrum species cuiuslibet generis sit composita ex materia et forma
Q. 29: Utrum caelum sit animatum
Q. 30: Utrum caelum moveatur effective a principio intrinseco, puta a forma eius, vel ab extrinseco, videlicet ab aliqua intelligentia
Q. 31: Utrum primum mobile sive ultima sphaera sit per se in loco
Q. 32: Utrum in caelo sit materia
Q. 33: Utrum elementa maneant in mixto tantum in potentia passiva
Q. 34: Utrum elementa sint in mixto tantum in actu virtuali per modum quo effectus est in causa efficiente
Q. 35: Utrum elementa sint tantum in actu perfectionali secundum quamdam convenientiam aequivocam perfectionis ipsorum in mixto
Q. 36: Utrum elementa sint in mixto in actu formali et secundum proprias essentias et formas eorum
Q. 37: Utrum anima intellectiva sit extensa ad extensionem corporis cuiuslibet
Q. 38: Utrum in homine sit aliqua alia forma praeter animam intellectivam, et in bruto praeter sensitivam, et in plantis praeter vegetativam
Q. 39: Utrum intellectus sit idem numero in omnibus hominibus
Q. 40: Utrum intellectum esse diversum numero in diversis sit demonstrabile naturaliter
Q. 41: Utrum animae intellectivae sint aequales secundum substantiam in perfectione
Q. 42: Utrum intellectus sit causa actus intelligendi et voluntas actus volendi, vel tantum obiectum
Q. 43: Utrum intellectus sit totalis causa actus intelligendi, et voluntas actus volendi, et sensus actus sentiendi
Q. 44: Utrum voluntas moveat per se potentias inferiores vel tantum per accidens
Q. 45: Utrum voluntas, movendo intellectum et alias potentias inferiores, imprimat sive causet aliquid reale in eis
Q. 46: Utrum aliae potentiae a voluntate movens ipsam voluntatem, eo modo quo movent eam, causent sive imprimant aliquid in ipsa
Q. 47: Utrum voluntas possit se movere ante determinationem sive iudicium rationis, vel contra ipsum, vel praeter ipsum
Q. 48: Utrum prima causa concurrat immediate in omni actione cuiuscumque causae secundae, sive naturalis sive etiam liberae, coagendo secum et determinando ipsam ad agendum
Q. 49: Utrum Deus sit per se causa peccati effectiva

Primary Sources
Secondary Sources

I. Index biblicus
II. Index auctoritatum
III. Index codicum manuscriptorum
IV. Index nominum et locorum

Format: Text edition - hardback

Size: 240 × 160 × 35 mm

502 pages

ISBN: 9789058678942

Publication: March 04, 2013

Series: Ancient and Medieval Philosophy - Series 3 Francisci de Marchia Opera Philosophica et Theologica 1

Languages: English

Stock item number: 81187

D. Carron is a Postdoctoral Resarcher at the Goethe Universität Frankfurt am Main.
Girard J. Etzkorn is a former professor emeritus at St. Bonaventure University. He died in 2023.
T. Suarez-Nani is Ordinary Professor of Philosophy at Université de Fribourg.
W. Duba is a Swiss National Science Foundation Research Fellow at Université de Fribourg.

This third and final volume of Francis of Marchia’s commentary on the Quaestiones in secundum librum Sententiarum, qq. 28–49, completes this invaluable edition.
G. R. Evans, J Theol Studies (2013)   64 (2): 783-784. doi: 10.1093/jts/flt115


Ook in dit boekdeel is de inleiding zeer zorgvuldig uitgewerkt en biedt ze de lezer een stevige leiddraad voor een goed begrip van de uitgegeven tekst [...] Gezien de complexiteit van de tekstoverlevering besteden de uitgevers zeer uitvoerig aandacht aan een filologisch goed onderbouwde vergelijkende studie. [...] zeer hoge wetenschappelijke gehalte van deze uitgave, die terecht 'kritisch' mag worden genoemd.
Jules Janssens, Tijdschrift voor Filosofie 77 (2015), 2