Peter de Rivo on Chronology and the Calendar

Edited by Matthew S. Champion, Serena Masolini, and C. Philipp E. Nothaft

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Critical edition of previously unpublished works by a key philosopher of the fifteenth-century Low Countries
Peter de Rivo (c.1420–1499), a renowned philosopher active at the University of Leuven, is today mostly remembered for his controversial role in the quarrel over future contingents (1465–1475). Much less known are his contributions to historical chronology, in particular his attempts to determine the dates of Christ’s birth and death. In 1471, Peter made an original contribution to this long-standing discussion with his Dyalogus de temporibus Christi, which reconciles conflicting views by rewriting the history of the Jewish and Christian calendars. Later in his career, Peter tackled the issue of calendar reform in his Reformacio kalendarii Romani (1488) and engaged in a heated debate with Paul of Middelburg on the chronology of Christ. This book edits the Dyalogus and Reformacio and sets out their context and transmission in an extensive historical introduction.

This publication is GPRC-labeled (Guaranteed Peer-Reviewed Content).

Chapter 1. Peter de Rivo: A University Professor in Fifteenth-Century Leuven

Chapter 2. The Chronology of Christ’s Life in Peter de Rivo’s Dyalogus de temporibus Christi
1. Background and Sources
2. Peter’s Argument

Chapter 3. Peter de Rivo’s Debate with Paul of Middelburg
1. An Offensive Apology
2. Peter’s Return to Chronology
3. The Clash of 1492
4. The Aftermath
5. Appendix: Texts Relating to Paul of Middelburg in MS Paris, Bibliothèque Mazarine, 300

Chapter 4. Peter de Rivo on Reforming the Ecclesiastical Calendar

Chapter 5. Peter de Rivo’s Dyalogus de temporibus Christi and Reformacio: Manuscripts, Communities, and Reading
1. Notes on the Codices
2. St Martin’s, Leuven
3. The Priory of Bethleem, Herent
4. Reading in the Reformed Religious Houses of the Southern Low
5. Circulation of Texts
6. A Seventeenth-Century Coda

The Codices

Principles of Edition

Dyalogus de temporibus Christi
Tractatus 1: <Controversie que sunt circa tempora Christi>
Tractatus 2: <De ciclis>
Tractatus 3: <Solutiones dictarum controversiarum>
Summarium dyalogi

Reformacio kalendarii Romani


Format: Text edition - ebook

290 pages

ISBN: 9789461663474

Publication: October 14, 2020

Series: Ancient and Medieval Philosophy - Series 1 57.1

Languages: English

C. Philipp E. Nothaft is senior fellow at the Freiburg Institute for Advanced Studies.
Matthew S. Champion is senior research fellow at the Institute for Religion and Critical Inquiry, Australian Catholic University.
Serena Masolini is postdoctoral researcher at the De Wulf-Mansion Centre for Ancient, Medieval and Renaissance Philosophy, KU Leuven.

Auf den Editionstext folgen wenige Kommentarnotizen zu einzelnen Textstellen. Das Werk schließt mit einer vierteiligen Bibliographie (Hss., Drucke vor 1700, Texteditionen, Sekundärliteratur), einem Quellenindex und einem allgemeinen Index, der sich auf historische Orts- und Personennamen sowie wenige einschlägige Begriffe beschränkt. Die Einführung ist spannend geschrieben und bietet wichtige Einblicke, zum Einen in das Kernthema der christlichen Chronologie, die Datierung der Passion, ganz im Sinne der Studien Peters de Rivo, und zum Anderen in die universitäre Streitkultur des ausgehenden MA.
Martin Hellmann, Deutschen Archiv 78-2 (2022)